Skip to main content

Full text of "Gadaba"

See other formats


’žVII Negative



Nagative sense is expressed In four ways  ; - by

L    Suffixing / nu : riya/



2.    Prefixing /a /



3.    Suffixing / wa/



4.    cad intonation,



1.1.    To express the state of non. existence /  nil ; riya/ is

added to the subject.



eg: (1) He (2) (is) not (here) = 1 ma : yu 2 nu ; riya



1 It 3 (is) not 2 (a) tree= 1 tunno : 2. sulo : 3. nu ; rlya



1.2.    1 It 2 (is) bad = 1 tu 2 limmaka uriya



A one word equivalent of "bad"   is   not found In



Gadaba language



/limmaka/ = Good

/limmaka u : riya/ = Bad



Instead of /nu : riya/ /u;riya/ is sufixed to give the negative



sense.



2.1.   /nu : riya :/



Negative in past, present teases and in causative is

expressed by suffixing /-narriya/ to the verb irrespective



of  it being   duplleative   or  non duplicativ® ; and

transitive or Intransitive.



Negative In past tense



(transitive) did not cook = /kurrunurriya/ (aon dupli)

(intransitive) did not weep ~ /boro:nu:riya:/ (non/dupll)

(transitive) did not see = /zuzunu : riya/ (dupII)

intransitive) did not fell = /logalo : nu : riya/ (dupli)